The Guadeloupe (Gwadloup in Creole and, by abuse of language confusing the two parts of the island, Karukera in Native American)
This territory in the Caribbean, bordered by the Caribbean Sea and Atlantic Ocean, is located about 6200 km from France, 600 km north of Venezuela’s coast in South America, 700 km east the Dominican Republic and 2,200 km south-eastern United States.
It consists of islands and islets, of which two major inhabited: Grande-Terre and Basse-Terre Guadeloupe forming itself. Several neighboring lands, Marie-Galante, the Saintes archipelago (Terre-de-Haut and Terre-de-Bas), La Désirade and the islands of Little Earth are administratively attached to the territory.
Guadeloupe and its dependencies reveal landscapes both varied as contrasted to a set consisting of 1 628 km2 of land area.
Covering km2 1434, the “continental Guadeloupe” consists of two distinct lands, which are separated by a thin stretch of sea not more than 200 meters wide, called “Salt River”.
• Basse-Terre to the west, 848 km2 (oval massif 45 km by 20), is mountainous and covered with a dense tropical forest from north to south, abounding with numerous rivers and waterfalls.
Of volcanic origin (as some neighboring islands of Dominica, Martinique and St. Lucia), its highest peak is the active volcano of Soufrière culminating at 1467 meters, the highest elevation of the Lesser Antilles. As in most volcanic islands, there are also many black sand beaches and red sand. • The Grande-Terre on the east, 588 km2 (triangle about 40 km across) is flat. Fresh water consumption is brought to the island of Basse-Terre by pipes under the bridge crossing the Salt River that separates the two lands.
it consists of a plain bordered by a mangrove southwest, an irregular succession of hills called the Great Fund at the center, and an arid plateau jagged rocky coastlines and wild north. It is on the south coast of Great land, dotted with white sand beaches sheltered coral reefs are concentrated large resorts balnéaires.La Salt River flowing on a north-south axis by tidal currents is a stretch of sea separating the two islands, the configuration that they are often compared to the wings of a “butterfly” deployed on the sea.
Not far, “administrative dependence” (or the southern islands) consist of several islands with a total area of 194 km2 that are not very different culturally from the “continental Guadeloupe”, with the exception of Saintes . Very recently appeared the phrase “archipelago of Guadeloupe” or “islands of Guadeloupe” in the development of tourism, but officially the Guadeloupe is not recognized as an archipelago in the proper sense of the term. Therefore, we talk about Guadeloupe and its dependencies.
• La Désirade, 21 km2, is an elongated limestone island (11 km x 2 km), which presents itself as a vast plateau sloping toward the northwest. Great Mountain, which reaches 275 meters above sea level, is its climax.
• The Petite Terre Islands are a small archipelago of 2 km2 consists of two Earth islets Haut and Terre de Bas enclosed by a coral reef, located about ten kilometers south of Pointe des Chateaux and Désirade which it depends administratively.
• Marie-Galante, 158 km2, is a large island formed on a hilly limestone substrate, subjected to trade winds. Compared to its rounded shape (15 km diameter), it is nicknamed the “Great Galette or the island of a hundred windmills”.
• The Saints are as a small archipelago of 9 arid and rugged islands. The two largest islands are inhabited: Terre-de-Haut, an elongated islet 5 km2 in the East, and Terre-de-Bas, the largest islet of 8 km2 west of the archipelago and more rounded shape.
Basse-Terre and Les Saintes west, are derived from the formation of a recent volcanic chain that culminates in Soufriere, while the other islands are east of coral origin.